Fire Safety Net

What is a Fire Risk Assessment?

A fire risk assessment is an organised and methodical look at your premises, the activities carried on there and the likelihood that a fire could start and cause harm to persons in and around the premises (Relevant Persons). See 'The Assessment' section in Why Choose Us? before you continue.

The aims of a fire risk assessment are:

  • To identify fire hazards.
  • To reduce the risk of those hazards causing harm to as low as reasonably practicable.
  • To decide what physical fire precautions and management arrangements are necessary to ensure the safety of people in your premises if a fire does start.

Do you need a Fire Risk Assessment?

Here is a selection of some of the premises we have helped:

Commercial, Industrial and Retail

Factories, Warehouses, Office's, Photographic Studio's, Supermarkets, Shops


Pubs, Clubs, Nightclubs, Restaurants, Café's


Schools both local authority and public at all age levels, Boarding Schools, Special Schools, Nurseries and Colleges

Health Care

Nursing Homes, Care Homes, Day Centres, Doctor's and Dentist's Surgeries and clinics

Risk Assessment Methodology

The Fire Safety Risk Assessment will be undertaken using the 5 Step Procedure as detailed below. Professional judgment will be used in considering the issues highlighted in the table below to determine the risk rating of the premises under each category.

The issues can be divided into two categories:

Preventative Measures: Fire Hazards, Risks to Relevant Persons

Protective Measures: The removal or reduction of risks to the relevant persons

Fire Safety Net

Step 1: Identify Fire Hazards

Sources of Ignition
Sources of Fuel
Sources of Oxygen

Step 2: Identify People at Risk

People in and around the Premises
Persons Especially at Risk

Step 3: Evaluate, Remove Reduce and Protect from Risk

Evaluate the risk of a fire occurring
Evaluate the risk to people from fire
Remove or reduce the fire hazards

Remove or Reduce the risks to people
Detection and Warning
Escape Routes
Signs and Notices

Step 4: Record, plan, inform, instruct and train

Record significant finding and action taken
Prepare an emergency plan
Inform and instruct relevant people, co-operate and co-ordinate with others
Provide training

Step 5: Review

Keep assessment under review
Revise where necessary

Those people especially at risk if there is a fire have been identified as relevant persons and include, employees who work alone and/or in isolated areas, people who are unfamiliar with the premises, contractors, visitors, customers, people with disabilities or those who may have some other reason for not being able to leave the premises quickly, other persons in the immediate vicinity of the premises and people with language difficulties.

On the basis that the risk of fire cannot be totally excluded the protective measures provided within the premises are to ensure the safe evacuation of the Relevant Persons.

The term 'where necessary'

This means the fire precautions you must provide and maintain are those which are needed to reasonably protect relevant persons from risks to them in case of fire. This will be determined by the findings of this risk assessment including details of the preventative measures you will have to undertake.

Fire Safety Net

In practice, it is very unlikely, that a properly conducted fire risk assessment, which takes into account all the matters relevant for the safety of persons in case of fire, will conclude that no fire precautions (including maintenance) are necessary.

The terms 'hazard' and 'risk' are used throughout our assessments and it is important that you have a clear understanding of how these should be used.

Hazard: anything that has the potential to cause harm.

Risk: the chance of harm occurring.

Relevant Regulations and Codes of Practice

In order to ensure compliance with the requirements of the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order, the following Regulations and Codes of Practice need to be observed.

Building Regulations Approved Document ‘B’ Fire Safety
HM Government Fire Risk Assessment Guidance Documents
British Standard 5839, Part 1 Fire Alarm System Installation
British Standard 5266, Part 1 Emergency Lighting
British Standard 5306, Part 3 Maintenance of Fire Extinguishers
British Standard 5306, Part 8 Selection and Installation of Fire Extinguishers
British Standard 5588, Part 11 COP for Shops, Offices, Industrial Storage and other similar Buildings
British Standard 5588, Part 12 Managing Fire Safely
The Health & Safety (Safety Signs and Signals) Regulations

The responsible person may need to take into account other Standards and Codes of Practice if the circumstances require. However, the above are the key compliance codes.